Short Essay/Speech on Makar Sankranti Festival for School Students in English, Hindi


Makar Sankranti

The festival of Makar Sankranti is one of the main festivals of Hindu religion, which is celebrated on the ascension of the Sun. The special feature of this festival is that it is celebrated on 14th January, not on different dates like other festivals, every year, when the sun passes through the Makar line after its ascending.

It is celebrated on different day of January Month i.e. 13 or 15 January. Makar Sankranti is directly related to the geography and position of the sun. Whenever the Sun comes on Makar Line, that day is only on January 14, hence the Makar Sankranti is celebrated on this day. From astrological point of view, on this day, the Sun enters the sagittant amount and enters the Capricorn and the speed of the nighting of the Sun begins.

In the isolated areas of India, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated differently. In Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka it is called Sankranti and in Tamil Nadu it is celebrated as Pongal festival. At this time, new crop is welcomed in Punjab and Haryana and Lohri festivals are celebrated, while in the form of Bihu in Assam this festival is celebrated with glee. In each province, its name and way of celebrating vary.

According to different beliefs, the recipes of this festival are also different, but the pulse and rice khichadi have become the main identities of this festival. It is important to eat khichdi in particular with jaggery and ghee. Apart from this, sesame and jaggery also have great importance on Makar Sankranti. This morning, after bathing sesame, the bath is done after rubbing. Apart from this, sesame and jaggery laddus and other dishes are also made. At this time Suhagana women also exchange the contents of the suhag. It is believed that this makes her husband’s age longer.

Makar Sankranti is also called the festival of bathing and donation. On this day bathing is important in pilgrimages and sacred rivers, as well as donating according to sesame, jaggery, khichdi, fruit and zodiac, virtue is attained. It is also believed that the Sun god is pleased with the donations made on this day.

Apart from all these beliefs, Makar Sankranti festival is also an enthusiasm. On this day kite flying also has special significance and people kite with great joy and glee. Large number of kite flying events are also organized in many places on this day.

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